Tourist Destinations of Rajasthan
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a centre for woodcarving, carpets, embroidery, block printing and other
handicrafts, and its products are famous throughout Rajasthan.
two annual fairs in Barmer : the Barmer Thar Festival in early March and
the Barmer Cattle Fair [held at nearby Tilwara] in Marcch/April.
A Tiny yet lively town in sun-drenched sands , Barmer is a miniature
Rajasthan with all its colour , warmth and tradition . According to
history , the 13th century founder of the district , Bahaba Rao ( Populary
known as Bar Rao) gave the town its name - Barmer , ie the hill fort fo
Once called Mallani ( 12th Century A.D ) the present Barmer District
Formed in 1949 upon the merger of Jodhpur state in the United states of
Great Rajasthan , is a cluster of ancient paraganas - Mallani shiv ,Pachpadra
,Silwana and Chotana area .
Although a barren land with harsh climate and rough terrain ,Barmer is
known for its rich crafts , dances and music .Once on the ancient camel
trade route , the town is now the center for wood carving , pottery ,
carpets ,intricate embroidery work , block printed fabrics and multi -hued
traditional costumes . Especially famous are the geometric ajrak prints in
dark shades of red and blue , ideal for protection against the sun .
The most interesting part of a trip to Barmer is the journey through rural
Rajasthan .The Small villages with mud -walled houses decorated with
delicate folk motifs and colourfully attired people on the way offer a
fascinating sight . Every year in March , the desert town is at its
colourful best during the exuberant Barmer festival .The Festival is the
best time to plan a visit to Barmer .
PRIME SITE :
Perched on a rocky hill , the town has ruins of an old fort .Of interest
are a temple dedicated to Balark ( the sun ) and the ancient ruins of Juna
Barmer . the three Jain Temples , an inscription of 1295 A.D and a massive
piller in the hall of the largest temple of Maharaja Kula Sri Samanta Deva
, aruler of Bahadmera ( now Barmer) are also worth a visit.
on the foot of a hill near village Hathma in Barmer tehsil is Kiradu . The
inscription dating back to 1161 A.D reveals that place was called
Kiratkoop and had once been the capital of Punwars . The ruins of five
ancient temples - one dedicated to Lord Vishnu and other four deicated to
Lord Shiva-are of interest to archaeologists and are lovers , alike .the
biggest of these temples is the Someshwar temple .
Rao Siha the founder of the Rathore Clan
along with his son (Asthanji ) conquered Khed from the Guhil Rajputs and
planted the standard of the Rathores . An old Vishnu temple of Ranchhrji
is surrounded by a crumbling wall and an image of Garuda ( the eagle ) at
the gate guards the complex .
Other temples nearby include temples of
Brahma , Bhairav , Mahadev and a Jain temple .
: Once a
principal state of Mallani , this ancient villages has got its name from
the descendants of Rathore sub-clan . A Jain temple and a hindu temple are
worth visiting The Hindu temple is ornamented with fine sculptures which
were brought from a Jain temple of Lord Mahaveer .
called Viranipur , this 12th century village lies on the slope of a hill
called Nagar-Ki-Bhakarian ,9 km away from Baletra . The Village has three
Jain Temples .The Biggest of these is the one dedicated to Nakoda
Parsvanath . A Vishnu temple is also worth visiting.
Cattle Fair (March - April): A major
cattle fair lasting a fortnight, held in village Tilwara.
Nakoda Parasvanath (December - January): The festival held in
Mevanagar village commemorating the birth anniversary of Parasvanath.
Veeratara Mela: Held at Veertara (12 km from village Chohatan), the
fair venerated goddess Vakaldevi and is held thrice a year in the month of
Chaitra, Bhadrapada & Magha.
Khed Fair (August - September): A big religious fair held on
Purnima (full moon) in village Khed.
Mallinath Fair, Tilwara: Mallinath Fair is one of the biggest
cattle fairs of Rajasthan held annually near Tilwara, a village in Barmer
District from Chaitra Budi Ekadashi to Chaitra Sudi Ekadashi (March -
April). It lasts for a fortnight wherein the highly popular breeds of
cows, camels, sheep, goats and horses attract people not only form
Rajasthan but also Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. People of all castes and
creeds participate freely in the fair.
The fair is believed to have originated from transactions which took place
among admires of Rawal Mallinath, a local hero, who used to travel to
Tilwara on well-bred animals to meet him. A shrine dedicated to
Mallinathji is located here and people make offerings of batashas and
laddoos. When their wishes are fulfilled, they offer miniature horses at
the shrine. Traders from Mathura, Agra and Aligarh bring horses made of
wood, brass and bronze to sell at the fair. On the opening day of the
fair, the flag of Rawal Mallinathji is hoisted to the accompaniment of
songs extolling his greatness.
Bullock, camel and horse races are organized at the fair and thoroughbred
animals compete against each other on the dry river bed. The prize-winning
animals sport white badges on theirs heads and command high prices at the
fair. Apart from shops selling normal utility items and agricultural
implements, there is a separate market for fodder at the fair.
A veritable shopper's
paradise, Barmer is treasure trove of vibrantly coloured embroidery with
excellent mirror work. Also famous are beautifully embroidered fabrics and
pouches often patterned with tiny mirrors. Traditional rugs, blankets,
shawls, carpets, "Pattius" Dari in typical Barmer colours and
weave are speciality of the district. The shopping spots include the tiny
shops along the narrow lanes of the colourful and lively Sadar Bazar.
The town is situated at above 25
deg. 45 North latitude and 71 deg. 23 east longitude on the Luni Munabao
section of the Northern Rly. It is at a distance of 208 Kilometre from
Jodhpur city by Train and 224 Km. by road. It is located on the side of a
rocky hill which has the remains of an old fort (Garh) ruins on its
summit. There is a temple dedicated to Balark (The Sun). To the Northwest
of the town are the ruins of Juna or Juna Barmer and to the south
are the remains of three Jain temples. There is an inscription of 1,295 AD
and one of the pillars of the hall of the largest temple mentioning a
Maharajakula Sri Samanta Sinha Deva ruling at 'Bahadmera'.
One of the
merger of Jodhpur state in the united States of Great Rajasthan in the
year 1949, a separate district of Barmer was formed which included the
former paraganas of Mailani (Now called Barmer), Sheo, Pachpadra and
Siwana. The Chohatan area (transferred from Sanchore tehsil of Jalore
district) of the fifth paragana of Sanchore.
Barmer derives its name from the head quarter town, which is said to have
been founded in the 13th century by Bahada Rao (Also called Bar Rao) and
named after him 'Bahada-mer' or Barmer i.e. the hill fort of