R a j a s t h a n
F a i r s & F e s t i v a l s
Dungarpur, 13 Kms from Udaipur, Rajasthan.
Time of the
Month of February
The name 'Baneshwar' is derived from the revered
Shivlinga, which is kept in the Mahadev Temple in Dungarpur. "Baneshwar
means the 'Master of the Delta' in the local Vagdi language and this name
was given to the Shivlinga. The Baneshwar fair is held at a small delta
formed by the river Som and Mahi, from Magh Shukla Ekadashi to Magh Shukla
About the Fair
Baneshwar fair in its present form is actually one of two fairs: one which
used to be held in of Baneshwar Mahadev (Lord Shiva) and another fair,
which started after the construction of the Vishnu Temple by Jankunwari,
daughter-in-law of Mavji, a highly revered saint considered to be an
incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
Two disciples of Mavji named Aje and Vaje built
the Lakshmi- Narain Temple near the confluence of rivers Som and Mahi. The
'pran-pratishtha' ceremony of the idols was performed on Magh Shukla
Ekadashi and since then, the fair is held on this day. The large
congregation that gathers here at the time of the fair pays homage to all
the deities with equal reverence.
On Magh Shukla Ekadashi, the priest - called the
Mathadhish, arrives at the fair site from Sabla, in a huge procession. A
16 cms silver image of Mavji on horseback is also brought here. The river
water supposedly becomes holier when the Mathadhish takes a bath. Hence,
people bathe along with him in the river. The Bhils consign the ashes of
their dead at the confluence of the rivers.
The Baneshwar fair is predominantly a tribal
fair with more than half of the congregation consisting of Bhils. They
revere Baneshwar Mahadev as well as Mavji. The majority of the gathering
is from the Districts of Dungarpur, Udaipur and Banswara.
Worships & Offerings
The temple of Baneshwar Mahadev remains open from 5.00 a.m. to 11.00 p.m.
during the fair. In the morning, saffron is applied to the Shivlinga after
it is bathed and an 'aarti' of burning incense is waved before it. In the
evening, 'bhabhut' (ash) is applied to the Linga and an 'aarti' with a
fine-wick lamp is waved. Devotees offer wheat flour, pulses, rice, jaggery,
ghee, salt, chillies, coconut and cash.
Prayers are offered five times a day in the
temples of Lakshmi -Narayan and Brahma. Brass gongs are struck at the time
of 'aarti'. During the fair, 'aarti' of Mathadhish is also performed and
Raslila takes place at night in the Lakshmi Narayan Temple. Offerings,
similar to those at the Baneshwar Temple, are made at these shrines too.
The Bhils attending Baneshwar Fair sing traditional folk songs in high
pitched voices sitting around a bonfire every night. Cultural shows are
arranged by youngsters of the clan. Groups of villagers are also invited
to participate in the programme.
The fair resounds with the gaiety of songs, folk
dances, magic shows, animal shows and acrobatic feats. Adding to the
excitement are the joy rides on merry-go-rounds and swings. The large
number of shops in the fair provides an opportunity for buying and selling
of essential goods and fancy articles.
Festival Tour Packages
Mewar Festival Rajasthan
14 Nights & 15 Days
Destination Covered :
Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Pushkar, Ajmer, Delhi
Camel Fair Pushkar
Duration : 20 Nights & 21 Days
Delhi, Agra, Jaipur, Pushkar, Ranthambore, Kota,
Bundi, Chittaurgarh, Bijaipur, Udaipur, Khumbalgarh, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer,
Bikaner, Mandawa, Delhi
Desert Fair Jaisalmer
Duration :14 Nights & 15 Days
Destination Covered :
Delhi, Mandawa, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur,
Pushkar, Ajmer, Delhi