The Ranthambore National Park
was the hunting ground of Maharaja of Jaipur. In 1955, it was declared a
game sanctuary; in 1980, it became a national park. But with the
commissioning of Project Tiger in 1972, it was included in the project.
With the addition of neighbouring Keladevi and Mansingh sanctuaries, the
total area of the national park stands at 1,334 sq km. But the entire park
- the core area is just 392 sq kms - is not open to the public. The
Ranthambore Park is set between the Aravalli and Vindhya ranges. Its
deciduous forests were once a part of the magnificent jungles of Central
India. The terrain is rugged and there are rocky ridges, hills and open
valleys with lakes and pools.
Ranthambore is a heritage site because of the picturesque ruins that dot
the wildlife park. There are lake palaces, 'chhatris', old fortifications
and a majestic 1,000-year-old fort, overlooking the park. The lovely Jogi
Mahal is located at the foot of the fort and gives magnificent view of the
Padam Talao, painted white with water lilies. The Ranthambhore park is
famous for tigers and due to conservation efforts, the tiger population
has stabilized if not increased here. The tigers can be spotted quite
often even during the day, at their normal pursuits-- hunting and taking
care of their young ones. Ranthambhore is one of the best places to see
these majestic predators.
Nearby Attractions of Ranthambore
The most fascinating and most popular excursion taken from the national
park is to the Ranthambore Fort. This fort was built by the Chauhans in
the 10th century. The fort is located at a very strategic position between
north and central India and hence it was always coveted by many rulers.
This fort is famous for the 'Johar' (suicide by immolation to escape
humilitaion) by Rajput women in 1301AD during the siege by Ala-ud-din
Khilji. The temples and tanks add to the beauty of the fort. The seven
gates and massive curtain walls, crowning a fall-topped hill presents a
Park Population of Ranthambore National Park
The tigers are the prized attractions of the park. Other inmates of the
park are the Antelopes, Nilgai, Sambhar and Chital, which are easy to
spot. Those who are lucky enough get to see the Sloth Bear, Wild Boar,
Chinkara, Porcupines and Jackals, Leopard, Jungle Cat and Marsh Crocodile.
The lakes and water holes in the Ranthambore national park are the best
places to sight the animals. These water bodies are full of lotus and
water lilies. Ranthambore also has a sizeable bird population, both
resident and migratory. There are about 264 species of birds found within
the park. Indian Hare, Mongoose and Monitor Lizards can also spotted.
Ranthambore National Park Trips
The park is toured by a jeep or a lorry. The reservation of these can be
done at the Project Tiger Office at Sawai Madhopur. The tour is
accompanied by a guide. In the park, one must stick to the allocated
route. Entry is relatively expensive, with fees for entrance, vehicle
hired, guide and camera being charged separately. of the persons who were
buried in the infamous landslide. The few bodies which could be dug out
were buried in the church premises.
Climate in Ranthambore
Located in Rajasthan, the Ranthambore Reserve is influenced by the desert
type of climate. The vegetation, which is mostly dry anddeciduous,
provides good cover for the animals. The climate is generally dry but
annual rainfall is enough to sustain the park population. In fact,
Ranthambore is one of the green patches in the otherwise barren landscape
of the state.
Best Time to Visit Ranthambore
The park is open for visitors from October to June. But the best season to
visit Ranthambore is from November to April. This is the time when animals
can be easily spotted.
How to get there
The nearest city to the park is Sawai Madhopur. This place also provides
the nearest railhead for the national park. It is 11 km from Ranthambore.
Make sure about the trains if you are planning to reach the place by rail.
The nearest airport is that of Jaipur, which is about 145 km away. There
are regular flights of various airlines to this place. From Jaipur one has
to take the road to access the national park.